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WATER AND AGRICULTURE


The definition of agriculture: The raising of crops and livestock for food.

It is estimated that over 70 percent of freshwater is used for agriculture. By 2050, feeding a planet of 10 billion people will require an estimated 55 percent increase in agricultural production.




LIMITING FACTORS OF FOOD PRODUCTION

The limiting factors of food production




FRESH WATER OR HOW TO FEED 10 BILLION PEOPLE BY 2050 IN A WARMING WORLD?


The global shortage of the fresh water in the nearby future is eminent and and has become  already a social and humanist disaster. Periodical droughts in the main foods producing regions are causing severe economic and environmental impacts. Eventually leading to aggravation of national and international conflicts.




INCREASING WATER DEMAND


Water demand is projected to increase by 55% globally between 2000 and 2050.




GREAT THREATS:


SHORTAGE AGRICULTURE AND URBAN WATER SUPPLIES  EMINENT

DETERIORATING WATER QUALITY

NO BASIC SANITATION

WATER RELATED DISASTERS

THE WEATHER PENDULUM BETWEEN INTENSE DROUGHTS AND FLOOD




ANTICIPATING ON WATER SHORTAGE


A number of initiatives have already taken place. Flexible mechanisms are required to allocate water where it is needed. Infra-structural technologies such as water storage facilities, groundwater recharge, flood plains,water-related services and wetlands restoration are available and introduced.




GLOBAL WARMING WILL OUTRUN CURRENT WATER ADAPTATION


But despite all efforts:




WATER AND AGRICULTURE  LIMITING FACTORS OF FOOD PRODUCTION FRESH WATER OR HOW TO FEED 10 BILLION PEOPLE BY 2050 INCREASING WATER DEMAND GREAT THREATS ANTICIPATING ON WATER SHORTAGE  GLOBAL WARMING WILL OUTRUN CURRENT WATER ADAPTATION



“If climate change is the shark, then water is its teeth and it is an issue on which businesses need far greater levels of awareness and understanding”





GREEN HOUSE EFFECT


CO2 sticks around


CO2 remains in the atmosphere longer than the other major heat-trapping gases emitted as a result of human activities. It takes about a decade for methane (CH4) emissions to leave the atmosphere (it converts into CO2) and about a century for nitrous oxide (N2O).


After a pulse of CO2 is emitted into the atmosphere, 40% will remain in the atmosphere for 100 years and 20% will reside for 1000 years, while the final 10% will take 10,000 years to turn over. This literally means that the heat-trapping emissions we release today from our cars and power plants are setting the climate our children and grandchildren will inherit.  


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GROUNDWATER DEPLETION IS ACCELERATING

Groundwater is the largest reservoir of freshwater. People depend on it for agriculture and their daily lives.…..  

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REGIONAL TRENDS OF FRESHWATER MOVEMENTS  (Video)           

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EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS


The number of record temperature events and extreme weather phenomena is increasing.

Rising temperatures and air pollution are intimately connected in both directions.


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FRESHWATER STRICTLY LIMITED


FRESH WATER JUST 2,5% OF ALL WATER


Abundant water exists on our planet,

97.5 % is salt water in the oceans.

freshwater just 2.5 %!


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DRINKING WATER WILL BECOME THE NEW OIL

Studies and analyses done by the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO) in 2011 showed that that an acute shortage of drinking water may occur earlier than that of the oil leading to the aggravation of national and international conflicts.

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