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ARTIFICIALLY STIMULATED PRECIPITATION IS OF THE OUTMOST IMPORTANCE.


The basis of precipitation is condensation of atmospheric water vapour as it is cooled down to the point of dew (i.e. to 100% relative humidity)



A given volume of atmosphere can only contain a certain amount of water vapour (fmax) that is related to a predetermined temperature (the dew point)


The water vapour is always present in the atmosphere and represents an estimates 6 times the amount of all freshwater resources in the world. Due to the global warming the atmospherical vapour content increases.

Even a small rain-shower can produce thousands of tons of fresh water.




ARTIFICIAL UPDRAFT AND PRECIPITATION


Adjustable updrafts in the atmosphere and stimulation of precipitation.


The displayed preliminary apparatus and the proposed method is proposed for producing an controlled ascending air flow in the atmosphere. This ascending airflow has the capacity and capability to pierce through temperature inversion layers in an anticyclone.


By making uses of the energy of the burning flare gases process:


Collateral benefits




THE PROBLEM DEFINITION


In order to cause precipitation, it is necessary to:




THE METHODS



Utilization of atmospheric heat


Making use of the Artificial Vortex Engine (AVE) in a more traditional manor would involve a greenhouse. As a result of the greenhouse effect under a transparent roof (solar collector) the heated air continuously flows from the roof perimeter into the chimney (updraft tower). A turbine is set in the path of the air current to convert the kinetic energy of the flowing air into electricity.

 



Utilization of waste gases from industrial processes


Making use of the Artificial Vortex Engine (AVE) by means of utilization of waste gases from industrial processes. Particularly suitable would be waste gases which are containing a high water content.

Injection of those high velocity gases into a vortex chamber would facilitate demonstration of the principle of the updraft vortex. At the same time eliminating the need for a relatively expensive heat exchange system.



Utilization of geothermic resources


Instead of industrial gasses one could make use of geothermic resources the AVE.    



 


HOW MUCH PRECIPITATION CAN BE EXPECTED?

A 200 MWe vortex engine is expected to generate around 12 thousand tonnes of precipitation per day, assuming 1% atmospheric water content and evaporation losses of up to 50% in falling to earth. If the vortex engines were installed at 10 km centres, this would theoretically yield around

50 mm per annum. There is some reason to believe this may be amplified by natural processes.

 

THE IMPORTANCE OF ARTIFICIAL PRECIPITATION ARTIFICIAL UPDRAFT AND PRECIPITATION THE PROBLEM DEFINITION THE METHODS

NO BASIC SANITATION

Projections indicate that 1.4 billion people will have no access to basic sanitation in 2050, causing severe consequences on health and environment.

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DETERIORATING WATER QUALITY

The quality of surface water will deteriorate, leading to increased excessive plant and algal growth, loss of bio-diversity and increasing diseases.

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WATER DEMAND

Water demand (litres) related to food production (Kcal/day) for 1 person :

A daily food ingestion of an average of 2.800 Kcal

means

approximately 1.000 m3 of water per year.

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FRESH WATER OR HOW TO FEED 10 BILLION PEOPLE BY 2050 IN A WARMING WORLD?

The global shortage of the fresh water in the nearby future is eminent and and has become already a social and humanist disaster.  

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GROUNDWATER DEPLETION IS ACCELERATING


Groundwater is the largest reservoir of freshwater.

People depend on it for agriculture and their daily lives. Groundwater depletion has become a serious issue for many years, as it is used up faster than it can be recharged


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INVERSION LAYERS

Blankets of air trapping various sorts of air pollutants. Natural ventilation by the convection mechanism is not possible.

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URBAN HEAT ISLAND

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BROWN CLOUD

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RAMIFICATIONS INVERSION LAYERS

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MORTALITY

Air pollution is one of the major environ-mental causes of premature mortality.

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SHORTAGE OF FRESH WATER IS EMINENT

The global shortage of the fresh water in the nearby future is eminent and has become already a social and human disaster.

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SHORTAGE OF FRESH WATER IS EMINENT

The global shortage of the fresh water in the nearby future is eminent and has become already a social and human disaster.

Read more...